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What are the Galapagos Islands famous for?
It is approximately 129 kilometers (80 miles) long. Repeated volcanic eruptions helped to form the rugged mountain landscape of the Galpagos Islands. The Galpagos are best known for their diverse array of plant and animal species. Many species are endemic, which means they are not found anywhere else in the world.23 . 2019 .
How many Galapagos Islands are there?
The Galapagos archipelago is located about 1,000 km from continental Ecuador and is composed of 127 islands, islets and rocks, of which 19 are large and 4are inhabited. 97% of the total emerged surface (7,665,100 ha) was declared National Park in 1959.
Who discovered Galapagos Islands?
In 1535, the Islands were officially discovered by Fray Toms de Berlanga (the Bishop of Panama at the time). He was ordered to sail to Peru by Charles V to provide a report on activities there. He set sail from Panama on 23 February 1535. The strong ocean current carried him out to the Galapagos Islands.
Why the Galapagos islands attract tourists?
What attracts tourists to Galapagos and where do they come from? Many visitors to the Galapagos Islands are attracted to the archipelago by its unique wildlife and stunning landscapes. ... An increasing number of tourists are learning to scuba dive in the pristine tropical waters of the Galapagos Marine Reserve.
Why are animals in the Galapagos Islands Unique?
The Galapagos islands have a low biodiversity (that is, few animal species), because the islands are 600 miles (1000 km) from the continent. ... As a result, animals of the Galapagos Islands are species whose ancestors were already well suited for its harsh environments.
Who owns Galapagos?
Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galpagos, officially Archipilago de Coln (Columbus Archipelago), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador.
Is Galapagos Islands safe?
The Galapagos is an extremely safe travel destination. very little crime occurs in the islands and because tourism plays an important role in the economy of the islands and the Galapagos National Park, strict rules are in place when it comes to migrating to the islands.
What do you call someone from the Galapagos?
Even though the archipelago is a National Park, some of the biggest islands are not only home to the Galapagos flora and fauna, but to humans. ... Locals of the islands are known as galapagueos and most of them came from the Ecuadorian mainland, and you will find they are simple, kind, and joyful people.2 . 2017 .
What should I bring to the Galapagos?
What to Pack for a Trip to Galapagos 1 Small backpack (waterproof) Comfortable walking shoes Sneakers with rubber soles Shorts Long pants T-shirts Long and Short-sleeved shirts Windbreaker Bathing suit -wetsuit for snorkeling in cold months Socks More items...
How does the Galapagos get it name?
The majority of Galapagos experts and historians seem to agree, in one way or another, that the origin of the name Galapagos actually came from the old Spanish word galapago. The fact that the archipelago is a grouping of numerous islands turned the word into its plural form.
What is so special about Galapagos?
The Galapagos are special because they have never been connected to the mainland. The flora and fauna that reached the islands shores before the intervention of Man at any rate had to survive the hundreds of miles of ocean first.
Should I go to the Galapagos?
Travel's Best Travel Planning Outdoors and Adventure. The Galapagos Islands are a bucket-list destination for good reason: Thanks to a lack of natural predators, friendly wildlife such as playful sea lions and gigantic sea tortoises let visitors get up close and personal.